In 2016, the Storting requested a new independent study of the genetic origin of the wolf population in Norway. Based on this, the Ministry of Climate and the Environment (KLD) asked the Norwegian Environment Agency to investigate the origin of the Scandinavian (ie Norwegian and Swedish) wolf population, both genetically and geographically, as well as to investigate issues related to hybridization between wolves and dogs.

Following an open tender process, the assignment was given to the NTNU University Museum in collaboration with the University of Copenhagen. A project was planned that would last for 3 years. The published report is based on a comprehensive analysis of a dataset consisting of genome sequences from wolves and dogs, collected from large parts of the wolf's global distribution area, collected from living populations, historical populations based on material from university museum collections, and the inclusion of already published data from previous studies.